Identity Card, Family Book or Resident Book is not for collateral, NBC said.

On May 22, 2017, National Bank of Cambodia (“NBC”) issued an Instruction No. T7.017.420 SJN in purpose to make a caution to all Bank, Financial Institution, and Credit Operator for stop accepting the Identity Card or Family Book or Resident Book as collateral. Last year, on March 11, NBC already issued an Instruction No. T7.016.210 SJN for informing those institutions after NBC observed and found that the Identity Card or Family Book or Resident Book was accepted and taken as collateral to secure the loan in some Bank, Financial Institution, and Credit Operator.

Since now, NBC has acknowledged that several Banks, Financial Institutions, and Credit Operators are still accepting the Identity Card or Family Book or Resident Book in securing and release loan. This action is illegal under the Code of Civil and other regulation in force. Under Instruction No. T7.016.210 SJN, NBC has explained that the Identity Card or Family Book or Resident Book has no any economy value to be the collateral. Those documents are just the legal documents issuing by competent authority to identify a person and population statistic. NBC already warned that if any banks, financial institutions and credit operators fail to comply with laws and regulations in force, that institution shall be punished under the Law on Banking and Financial Institution.

Under the Instruction No. T7.017.420 SJN on May 22, 2017, NBC wants to instruct those Banking and Financial Institution to get more attention for complying with Instruction on March 11, 2016 and Law on Banking and Financial Institution effectively. In its letter mentioned that if any banks, financial institutions and credit operators fail to comply, they would face with penalties such as withdrawal the licenses or the Registration Permit or stop the business activity in accordance with Article 52 and Article 56 of Law on Banking and Financial Institution.

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